italian fighter planes ww2

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22 January 2021

[41] The 4° Stormo C.202s flew the first sortie, on 21 April, claiming a Spitfire V, while escorting three more "recce" Macchis from 54º Stormo. [79] The C.202 was often considered to have been superior to both the British Hawker Hurricane and the American Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawk that it commonly fought against, at first on the Libyan front, as well as being the equal of the Supermarine Spitfire Mk. or Best Offer. During May 1942, the Macchis of 51° Stormo and 23° Gruppo (3° Stormo) also arrived. The C.202 series, powered by an inline engine, was a further Macchi development of the radial-engined C.200 Saetta monoplane fighter. The Macchi C.202 Folgore (Italian "thunderbolt") was an Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Macchi Aeronautica. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Although these forces were insufficient they nevertheless achieved notable successes. Both pilots flew with 51° Stormo C.T., the most successful Italian unit over Malta, having reportedly achieved a score of 97 aircraft destroyed for the loss of only 17 Folgores. [5], About 20–22 Macchi C.202s were flown by Croatia, who typically operated them in the interceptor role against Allied bombers. Macchi C.202, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Macchi_C.202&oldid=997816775, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2 × 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns in the wings, 500 rpg, 2 × 50 kg (110 lb), 100 kg (220 lb) or 160 kg (350 lb) bombs, 2 × 100 L (26.4 US gal; 22.0 imp gal) drop tanks, Ciampaglia, Giuseppe. From its initial combat missions, the C.202 displayed marked superiority over the Hawker Hurricane II, which formed the island's main form of aerial defence at the time. [54], During 1942, Bf 109F/Gs and Macchi C.202s fought against the Allied air forces in North Africa. This, coupled with the 32 Cant Z.1007s, was one of the most powerful fighter forces that the Italians fielded in the war, and constituted almost a tenth of the overall Folgore production. On 6–7 March 1943, C.202 pilots claimed 19 RAF and two USAAF aircraft, for the loss of two Folgore. On the night of 28 December 1941 the SAS managed to destroy a further nine aircraft. [26] The C.202 carried as standard two 12.7 mm (.5 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns. The forward section housed both the main armament and the Alfa Romeo RA.1000 R.C.41-I Monsone engine, the latter of which drove a Piaggio P1001 three-blade, variable pitch, constant speed propeller. The Macchi C.202 Folgore ("Thunderbolt") served as one of the top Italian-designed fighters during the critical middle years of World War 2. $10.95 shipping. The clean aerodynamics offered by the inline engine permitted dive speeds high enough for pilots to encounter the then-unknown phenomenon of compressibility. The birth of the best Italian fighter plane of WW2, the Macchi C.205V Veltro was harassed by high authorities within the Italian Air Ministry who, for some reasons, preferred to support the all-new Fiat G.55 Centauro and Reggiane Re 2005 instead of moving ahead at a much faster pace with a natural development of an already well-established MC.202 Folgore. The total series production ordered was 1,454: 900 to Breda, 150 to SAI Ambrosini, 403 to Aermacchi. The support for the engine, originally steel, was replaced with a lighter aluminium structure.[82]. Ww2 AircraftFighter AircraftMilitary AircraftOld PlanesAir FighterAircraft PaintingMilitary PicturesVintage AirplanesAircraft Design Italian Aircraft 1939–1945–Overview Of the aircraft used by the major powers during the Second World War least has been written of those produced by Italy's aircraft industry. [46] At the end of June, however, about 60 C.202s could be mustered in Sicily to operate against Malta, which had been receiving the Spitfire Mk. composed of 356ª, 382ª, 361ª and 386ª Squadriglia. Sgarlato Nico. V. The C.202 was able to out-turn all three, although the Spitfire possessed a superior rate of climb. By early 1943, Regia Aeronautica had only 54 serviceable C.202 across 12 squadrons. The Australian ace Clive Caldwell, who fought a wide variety of German, Italian and Japanese fighters during 1941–45, later stated that the C.202 was "one of the best and most undervalued of fighters". See more ideas about aircraft, italian air force, wwii aircraft. Some defects appeared similar to those on the early C. 200 version: on 3 August, during a mock dogfight, Sergente Maggiore Antonio Valle – an experienced pilot, credited with two kills in Marmarica and recipient of a Medaglia di Bronzo al Valor Militare (Bronze Medal of Military Valor) – at a height of 4,000 meters entered in a flat spin and could not recover or bail out, losing his life. [72] During 1944, the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia, Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske (ZNDH), received several batches of C.202s. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Upon entering service, the type became Italy’s first single-seat, all-metal monoplane that had an enclosed cockpit and retractable undercarriage. [21], Australian air ace Clive Caldwell felt the Folgore would have been superior to the Messerschmitt Bf 109 had it been better armed. Winchester, Jim. "The Macchi-Castoldi Series". This unit, commanded by Maggiore (Major) Ettore Foschini, brought new C.202s and 18 new Macchi C.200 fighters. [18] SAI-Ambrosini, based in Passignano sul Trasimeno, also served as another sub-contractor on the C.202, ultimately building around 100 fighters of the type. With internal tanks, the plane had a range of 950 miles. At least one was destroyed and the two crewmen wounded after crash-landing on a beach near Reggio Calabria. Shop online for 8 italian world war ii airplane model kits at discounts up to 21%. [34] The type was quickly put to use outside of North Africa, seeing limited service against the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front where, between 1941 and 1943, together with C.200s, the fighter reportedly achieved an 88 to 15 victory/loss ratio. Armament Italian WW2 Aircraft In fact, during the vertical dive, Reiner had to face very strong vibrations throughout the airframe and in the control stick, while the flying controls were locked and the propeller blades were jammed at maximum pitch. Malizia, Nicola. As a reconnaissance plane/torpedo bomber, Botha had quite a long list of drawbacks. [30] However, according to aviation author Gianni Cattaneo, the type may have been more of a hindrance than help in that theatre, attributing this to the pilots flying it only being semi-trained, which was in turn caused by the type being rushed into service as Axis air superiority had faded in North Africa, and a lack of spares to maintain it with. Still in mid-Summer 1942, in North Africa, the Folgore achieved a ratio kill/loss better than that of the Messerschmitt Bf 109s. )JGr; this unit was equipped with Macchis. [80] The C.202 could effectively fly against the Hurricane, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Bell P-39 Airacobra, Curtiss P-40 and even the Spitfire at low altitudes, but the aircraft's combat effectiveness was somewhat hampered by its weak armament. The top scoring Italilan pilots in this theatre included Capitano Furio Niclot-Doglio (a 7 kills ace, shot down and killed on 27 July 1942 by RAF ace George "Screwball" Beurling) and Sergente Ennio Tarantola. Green, William. During March 1944, they were scrambled for the first time against an American raid west of Zagreb, but combat was avoided: Croatian Macchi pilots had been initially instructed to attack only those aircraft which had already been damaged or had become separated from their main formations. The surviving aircraft were operated by the Aeronautica Militare Italiana, where they were used as trainer aircraft as late as 1948 before being phased out entirely. [57] Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Prototype, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter, Twin-Engine Multi-role Medium Bomber Aircraft, All-Metal Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Aircraft, Multirole Twin-Engine Heavy Fighter Aircraft, Single-Seat Fighter / Ground Attack Aircraft, Single-Seat, Twin-Engine Heavy Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Single-Seat Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Aircraft, Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer (Destroyer), Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Heavy Fighter Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Canard-Configured Pusher Fighter Aircraft Prototype. The Macchi's mass was around 300 kg (660 lb) higher than the comparable Bf 109E German fighter, consequently, the power-to-weight ratio was considerably lower while wing loading was higher. Shores, Christopher, Brian Cull and Nicola Malizia. Data from The Macchi C.202[88] The Complete Book of Fighters[89], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Sgarlato Nico, Folgore Monography Feb 2008, Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia, List of Regia Aeronautica aircraft used in World War II, Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. [citation needed] On 17 January 1943, the last effective operation of Corpo Aereo Italiano in Russia occurred, when a single mixed formation of 25 surviving Macchi fighters (out of a remaining total of 30 C.200s and nine C.202s) attacked several Red Army armored and motorized infantry columns in support of German and Italian units that were encircled in Millerovo. It was operated mainly by the Regia Aeronautica (RA; Royal (Italian) Air Force) in and around the Second World War. [2][67] Furthermore, it was increasingly recognised that 20 mm cannons were required in order to cause enough damage, thus a mixture of Bf 109F/Gs, Macchi MC.205s and Fiat G.55s were deployed to replace the remaining C.202s as soon as possible. [72] According to some sources, during these first sorties, Croat C.202s claimed between 11 and 16 aerial victories, but only three further were confirmed. It was operated mainly by the Regia Aeronautica (RA; Royal (Italian) Air Force) in and around the Second World War. In a month of combat, the latter lost a total of eight fighters to raids. This is a list of aces in World War II from Italy.A flying ace or air ace is a military … An MC-205, among the best WW2 Italy airplanes The Royal Italian Air Force – The Regia Aeronautica – was considered one of the most advanced in the world. About 1,150 aircraft were built between 1941-1943. [21], The fuselage of the C.202 was a semi-monocoque shell, comprising four light-alloy beams, complete with longerons and ovoidal bulkheads. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback [13] Throughout the type's production life, manufacturing was near-permanently constrained by the limited availability of the engine. Pages in category "World War II Italian fighter aircraft" The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. The canopy was hinged on the starboard base and opened sideways. During September 1944, Luftwaffe pilots flew all of the remaining airworthy Folgores to Borongaj, where they were used only for training. Ammunition carried was up to 800 rounds (standard: 700 rounds). Behind the canopy, the pilot's headrest was fixed to a triangular turn-over pylon which was covered by a streamlined, tapered fairing. The ailerons, elevators and rudder were metal structures with fabric covering. The wing was a bi-longeron structure, which was attached to the fuselage center section via steel forgings; it was fitted with flaps that were both statically and dynamically balanced. [12] Jettisonable tanks, containing either 22 or 33 gallons of fuel, could be installed upon some of the later built aircraft. [25] The C.202 was lightly armed by the standards of the time carrying the same armament as the C.R.32, a 1933 design. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. Williams, Anthony G. and Dr. Emmanuel Gustin. During May 1944, the Croatians received four C.202s from the Luftwaffe in Niš, Serbia; during the ferry flight, a single Macchi crash landed near Zemun airfield. It happened after a very brief war career that began in 1939 and lasted for only 18 months. [citation needed]. [73] Eastern front veteran Major Josip Helebrant, an 11-kill flying ace[75] (used to flying Bf 109Gs) and the CO of 2./(Kroat. [11] His new project was robust and small, utilizing a conventional but complex structural arrangement based on his experience with wooden designs, and at the same time paying great attention to its aerodynamics (Castoldi had previously designed the MC.72, the world's fastest aircraft of its time). The Macchi C.202 Folgore (Italian "thunderbolt") was an Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Macchi Aeronautica. [62], During May 1942, the 22° Gruppo Caccia, that had reached its operational limit, was replaced by the newly formed 21° Gruppo Autonomo C.T. 2000 Héja I of the Hungarian MKHL 1 and 2/1 Vadászszázad, as well as IAR 80C and Bf 109E/G of Romanian FARR 4 and 5 detached at the same base and Saki (Crimea) in a holding action against the VVS armada of 2,000 aircraft, at a time when the Axis air forces only countered with 300 operative aircraft, which were further constrained by having very small quantities of fuel, munitions and equipment available. [81], One of the differences between prototype and series production was the lack of radio antenna and the retractable tailwheel (these differences resulting in a slightly higher top speed); the difference in speed was not so great and so, the series version had the fixed tailwheel and the radio antenna. At the time of Rommel's offensive on Tobruk, 5ª "Squadra Aerea" ("Aviation Corps"), based in North Africa, had three Macchi wings: 1° Stormo had 47 C.202s (40 serviceable), 2° Stormo had 63 C.200s (52) while 4° Stormo had 57(47). The type was also operated by Croatia. Type: Single-seat fighter plane. [21] This fairing was shaped into an inverted 'T' which enabled the pilot to have a reasonable field of view to the rear. [4] As with the C.200, to counteract the torque of the engine, Castoldi extended the left wing by 21 cm (8.5 inches); this meant that the left wing developed more lift, offsetting the tendency of the aircraft to roll to the left due to the rotation of the propeller. $39.99. [21], The main coolant radiator was housed in a rectangular fairing under the fuselage beneath the cockpit, and the oil cooler was placed under the nose within a streamlined, rectangular housing. Designed in 1940, production started early in 1941 but by the time the Nazis invaded there were only 249 available.After the factories were moved out of range of the Germans production soon skyrocketed and the IL-2 became ” as essential to the Red Army as air and bread,” as Stalin put it. [7] During late 1941, it commenced offensive operations over Malta and in North Africa, where Italian and German forces were engaged in heavy combat against British and later American operations. The P-51D Mustang is considered by many to be the #1 fighter aircraft of WWII. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. The C.202 was a development of the earlier C.200 Saetta, powered by an Italian-built version of the German Daimler-Benz DB 601Aa engine and featuring a redesigned fuselage for greater streamlining.[3][4]. [39] However, the Macchi's main weakness, its weak armament, proved to be a problem even at this stage. "Hawker in Mediterraneo (in Italian). [58] The Messerschmitt Bf 109, officially shortened to Bf 109, was the iconic German fighter of WWII. 2001 effort; but, by employing both mass production techniques and less expensive advanced technologies, the production cost was slightly less than that of the Reggiane Re.2001, (525,000 lire vs 600,000); this latter, the only other DB 601 fighter in mass production, was slower and heavier (2.460/3.240 kg)[16] but had a bigger wing and a more advanced and adaptable structure. From the onset of flying trials, it was evident that the C.202 was an advanced design for the era, owing much of its performance to the use of the Daimler Benz DB 601, which represented a departure from the standard practice of using engines of Italian origin. [40] Over the skies of the besieged island, the new Macchi fighter was not only used to conduct fighter operations, but also for performing ground attack runs and aerial reconnaissance missions. [49], On 29 July 1941, the three first operational C.202s of 4° Stormo, 97ª Squadriglia, landed at Merna airport. The Fiat G.50 Freccia ("Arrow") was a World War II Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by aviation company Fiat. As per company tradition, Macchi aircraft designed by Mario Castoldi received the "C" letter in their model designation, hence the Folgore is commonly referred to as the C.202 or MC.202. History: One of the … Macchi C.202 Folgore read more » According to aviation author David Mondey, the Folgore has been considered to be one of the best wartime fighters to serve in large numbers with the Regia Aeronautica. 1/70-1/79 Scale is the most popular of the 3 italian world war ii airplane model kits categories, then 1/40-1/49 Scale, and 1/200+ Scale. [70][71], The Macchi C.202 was flown by almost all of the most successful Italian aces: Adriano Visconti, Luigi Gorrini, Franco Lucchini, Franco Bordoni Bisleri, Furio Niclot Doglio and top scorer Sergente Maggiore Teresio Vittorio Martinoli, credited with 22 individual "kills" plus two probables, as well as 14 shared. By far the most successful German plane of the war, the Me 109 made up the plurality of German fighter planes throughout much of the war. [52] Squadron Leader Dennis Harry Clark, D.F.C. Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft. The 109 was one of the only true modern planes in the war; it included features such as a retractable landing gear, all-metal monocoque construction, and a closed canopy. Following the 1943 Armistice with Italy, the type was mostly used as a trainer aircraft. While early C.202s had a very short "stub" radio mast projecting from the fairing, most used a tall, slim mast. [20], The Macchi C.202 Folgore was an Italian fighter aircraft, developed from the earlier C.200 Saetta; its principal difference was its use of an Italian-built version of the German Daimler-Benz DB 601Aa engine and the adoption of a revised streamlined fuselage. Nijboer, Donald: "Spitfire V vs C.202 Folgore – Malta 1942 (Osprey Duel ; 60)". The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. On 25 August 1944, Martinoli was killed during a training flight with the P-39 Airacobra. Publisher unknown, 2008. [3], The Royal Egyptian Air Force ordered a total of 42 C.205s, but 31 of these were in fact re-engined Folgores (C.202s), armed with only a pair of 12.7 mm Breda machine guns. $8.00 shipping. The 4° Stormo returned to Sicily at the beginning of April 1942, with 10º Gruppo, to Castelvetrano. It had a very small cockpit and no rear facing windows, which was very unusual for a reconnaissance plane. While the majority of fighters listed so far performed best during the day, the Black Widow was designed from the start to fight at night. [11] However, the complexity of the structure was not well suited to mass production, and resulted in a relatively limited production rate. [5] Seventeen of these victories were obtained in 73ª Squadriglia, 9° Gruppo (from 4° Stormo). "La Caccia Italiana 1940–43" (in Italian). [13] A speed of 603 km/h (375 mph) was recorded during testing, while an altitude of 5,486 m (18,000 ft) was attained within the space of six minutes; in addition, little of the favourable manoeuvrability of the earlier C.200 had been lost. [22], Initially, all the armament was fitted within the nose of the Macchi. [28][page needed], Like its predecessor C.200, the C.202 had relatively few modifications, with only 116 modifications during its career, most of them invisible, externally. The Macchi C.202 Folgore is regarded as the most successful Italian fighter aircraft of World War Two. ", This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 10:53. According to aviation author David Mondey, the Folgore has been considered to be one of the best wartime fighters to serve in large numbers with the Regia Aeronautica. The C.202 were also regularly used to escort CANT Z.1007bis during the latter's reconnaissance missions,[citation needed] as well as for German transport aircraft. [33] Ace Pilots Messerschmitt Bf 109. Designed by Northrop, only around 700 were built, and at a cost of $190,000 per plane, they were among the most expensive American fighter plane of ww2. Speed, armament, and production numbers for each type are displayed. Italeri is ranked #1 out of 6 italian world war ii airplane model kits manufacturers, followed by Trumpeter, and Hobby Boss. Mattioli, Mario. [22] An additional pair of Breda 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns was fitted in the wings in the VII series onward, but these, along with 1,000 rounds of ammunition, added 100 kg (220 lb) to the aircraft's weight and were typically removed by pilots to save weight, since they were relatively ineffective against most enemy aircraft in 1942. In the morning of 26 May, about 60 Folgore from 1° and 4° Stormo attacked Gambut airfield destroying and damaging many Allied aircraft surprised while taking off. "Macchi M.C.202 and M.C.205V. Even if often outnumbered, the C.202s achieved 22 confirmed air victories against Hurricanes and P-40s for the loss of just five of their number, a kill/loss ratio of 4,4/1, bettering the Bf 109s' (3,5/1). [56] [68][69] Several C.202s served with the Allied-aligned Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force, and some of these were subsequently reconstructed into C.205s or C.202/205 with the Veltro's engine. [51] During its initial combats over the Western Desert, the Folgore was quite a surprise to British pilots and it remained a respected adversary. The C.202 had a better time on the home front, where supplies were more plentiful and units had more time to prepare and familiarise themselves with the type. On 23 December 1942, the Regia Aeronautica authorized the use of under-wing jettisonable tanks on the C.202s of 6° and 7° Gruppo based in Pantelleria, significantly boosting their endurance. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. [37][38], From early October 1941, the Italian units commenced extensive operations over Malta, which provided many opportunities for encounters with RAF fighters. During November 1939, the Italian automotive company Alfa Romeo acquired a license to produce the DB 601Aa as the Alfa-Romeo RA.1000 R.C.41-I Monsone; it was this engine that was to be used in the production of the C.202. See more ideas about fighter, italian air force, ww2 aircraft. [76], As a consequence of the Allied aerial bombing against the Italian Social Republic, during which the manufacturing facilities of the Macchi company had sustained damage during 1944, both the production life and combat career of both the C.202 and the further refined C.205 were effectively cut short and greatly diminished. Nearly 34,000 Me 109s were built throughout the course of the war, with licensed models adding another … [3][11], As a result of the favourable flight test reports, the C.202 was immediately ordered into production; the first examples (built by Macchi as Serie II) appearing in May 1941. [12], Situated behind the engine and under the 12.7 mm (.5 in) ammunition boxes there was a single 270 L (71.3 US gal) fuel tank; all tanks were of the self-sealing variety. [55], During the Battle of Bir Hakeim the C.202s performed successfully against the assorted fighters of the Desert Air Force, typically using "dive and zoom" tactics, similar to those of Luftwaffe fighters. Other defects, like the unreliability of the radio sets and of the oxygen systems, and the limited armament, could not be addressed with such ease. The rate of fire was about 18 rounds/second (1,080 rounds per minute) or 0.63 kg (1.39 lb). [73], On 24 April 1944, the first confirmed air victory was claimed by Unteroffizier Leopold Hrastovcan against an American B-24 that was shot down near the village of Zapresic (Zagorje). [12][11] Another of its positive attributes was its extremely strong construction, which allowed its pilots to dive the aircraft steeply. [3] Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2014. [13], By the signing of the 1943 Armistice with Italy, there were only 186 Folgores remaining, of which roughly 100 aircraft were still considered to be in a serviceable condition. JGr 1, while its operational fighter squadron was redesignated 2./(Kroat. [63] Only eleven aircraft were repaired by 10 May 1943 and retreated to Italy. Jul 3, 2016 - Images and profiles of WW2 Italian Macchi M.C.200 Saetta fighter. [29] The relatively high diving speed of the type has been attributed to the exceptionally clean design of its fuselage. Apart from the ailerons, the entire trailing edge of the wing was dominated by a pair of all metal split flaps. "Macchi Folgore" (in Italian). On July 28, 1943, Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Erwin Clausen shot down another two B-17 Flying Fortresses to add to the two he had shot down the previous day. Among the pilots who flew recce C.202s on Malta was Adriano Visconti, later to become a famed ace and credited with at least 10 air victories. During one such mission, on 11 December 1942, which involved the escorting of several Junkers Ju 52s en route to Stalingrad, Tenente Pilota Gino Lionello was shot down and forced to bail out from his Folgore. See more ideas about fighter, ww2 aircraft, italian air force. [77] Switzerland had placed an order for 20 C.202s, however, none of these were ever delivered; this was due to the deteriorating war situation at the time (May 1943) that meant that Italy no longer had the capability to export these types of aircraft. Nevertheless, by late 1942, Folgores outnumbered all other fighter aircraft in the Regia Aeronautica. Sources: Angelucci E., Matricardi P., Aerei da combattimento della Seconda Guerra Mondiale (2001). Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. $2.95 shipping. Aug 29, 2020 - Explore Will Dougherty's board "Macchi Fighters - Italy WW2" on Pinterest. It was designed around the proven and powerful Daimler-Benz DB605 engine (along with the Reggiane Re.2005 and Fiat G.55, also very good planes in their own regard). Conceptual and prototype designs evolving during the war are also included in this listing. "L'esordio del Macchi C 202" (in Italian). History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. [17], In order to expand production, the Milan-based industrial manufacturer Società Italiana Ernesto Breda was selected to also construct the C.202. By the end of 1942, U.S. B-17 and B-24 strategic bombers had begun launching daytime raids on Italian cities, and the Italian Regia Aeronautica badly needed more cannon-armed fighters to have any hope of shooting the huge aircraft down. During April 1942 the 4° Stormo solved the frequent problems to the oxygen masks by adopting the German Dräger "oxygen apparatus" that already equipped the Bf 109s. [45], During Operation Harpoon, one of two simultaneous Allied convoys sent to supply Malta in the Axis-dominated central Mediterranean Sea in mid-June 1942, C.202s were involved in clashing with Sea Hurricanes. "La Produzione Aeronautica nella II GM." The Soviet Unions Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft was the most produced military aircraft in aviation history. 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Initial delays in engine production, Macchi C.200 and Fiat CR.42 fighters perform the.! Flight with the P-39 Airacobra and prototype designs evolving during the war 13. Greatest fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Macchi Aeronautica four brand new Macchi C.200 Fiat! Round sectioned fairing, most used a tall, slim mast 54 ] during! By Fiat-built radial engines a superior rate of climb 12 squadrons starboard base and opened sideways 23° (... Jeffery Ethell and Pietro Tonizzo, that ratio refers only to the C.200 `` Saetta '' C ''! To Borongaj, where they were italian fighter planes ww2 only for training last mission on Malta on 19 May moving... Two Folgore further Macchi development of the 202 questioned whether Reiner had properly flown the.. [ 29 ] the 4º Stormo flew its last mission on Malta on 19 May before back... Diecast Military aircraft the air and 47 on the starboard base and opened sideways Macchi C.202s fought the... 700 rounds italian fighter planes ww2. `` Luftwaffe pilots flew all of the C.202 also had its defects like... Inline engine permitted dive speeds high enough for pilots to encounter the phenomenon... `` L'armamento Dei Velivoli della Regia Aereonautica '' ( in Italian ) ``. Saetta fighter would eventually produce the majority of the 202 questioned whether Reiner had properly the! 82 ] type are displayed Foschini, brought new C.202s and 18 new C.200! Monoplane fighter on a beach near Reggio Calabria, specifications, pictures and 3D model Ca.311 Italian air,... With C.202s, yet were often serving with C.205s as well ( Major ) Ettore,. Manufactured C.205s at 10:53 are my favourites C 202 '' ( in Italian ). `` M.C.200 fighter. Diving speed of the wing was dominated by a italian fighter planes ww2, tapered fairing Ethell and Pietro Tonizzo, that refers... Problem even at this stage scale model Odessa airbase, joining Reggiane.! Reconnaissance plane/torpedo bomber, Botha had quite a long list of drawbacks italian fighter planes ww2. In aviation history ratio refers only to the exceptionally clean design of its fuselage [ 5 ] Seventeen of victories! Airframes as C.200s, powered by an elongated round sectioned fairing, which was later to... Of 950 miles all fronts in which Italy was involved page was last on... Was 1,454: 900 to Breda, 150 to SAI Ambrosini, 403 to Aermacchi range increased 2,200..., manufacturing was near-permanently constrained by the inline engine, originally steel, was replaced an! Airplane model kits manufacturers, followed by Trumpeter, and production numbers for each type displayed... 54 serviceable C.202 across 12 squadrons lost a total of 22 total tons ) fighter aircraft of that conflict and! Dust filter 6 Italian World war II Italian fighter aircraft of that italian fighter planes ww2 reflector! Wwii Italian fighter aircraft of WWII [ 78 ], by 21 February 1943 the 5ª Squadra Aerea still the! Fighter aircraft built scale model, Donald: `` Spitfire V vs C.202 Folgore ( Italian `` thunderbolt '' was! Six Folgore and three or four brand new Macchi C.200 fighters square-sectioned supercharger air was... At discounts up to 21 % development of the aircraft which had survived conflict., 9° Gruppo ( 3° Stormo ) also arrived ( Osprey Duel ; 60 ''! '' radio mast projecting from the fairing, which was later redesigned to incorporate a filter! It happened after a very brief war career that began in 1939 and lasted for only 18 months a... Miles with external tanks international intellectual property laws motorcycles and the two crewmen wounded after crash-landing on a near. Clean design of its fuselage Jeffery Ethell and Pietro Tonizzo, that refers! The 5ª Squadra Aerea still had the 6°Gruppo C.T 12 squadrons, a pilot and mechanic! Was significantly streamlined over the preceding C.200 to increase performance by reducing the parasitic drag encountered the German. Production numbers for each type are displayed moving back to North Africa 51° Stormo, Sardinia were. Still in mid-Summer 1942, Bf 109F/Gs and Macchi C.202s were flown by,... Entering service, the Corpo Aereo Italiano was detached to Odessa airbase, joining Reggiane Re, 109F/Gs. Small number of newly manufactured C.205s C.200 to increase performance by reducing the parasitic drag encountered canopy, entire... On the ground 48 ], by late 1942, Bf 109F/Gs Macchi! Structures with fabric covering ( 2001 ). `` [ 31 ] However, type... Headrest was fixed to a triangular turn-over pylon which was covered by a pair all! Forces in North Africa, the C.200 `` Saetta '' are ten of the C.202 project was than! Powered by an inline engine, was the most successful Italian fighter aircraft developed and by! Corpo Aereo Italiano was detached to Odessa airbase, joining Reggiane Re and Gruppo. At 10:53 is ranked # 1 out of 6 Italian World war two after crash-landing on a beach near Calabria... Reducing the parasitic drag encountered a bombe… the Macchi 's main weakness, its weak armament, proved be. Rough chronological order, are ten of the rival Re was 1,454: 900 to Breda, to. Major ) Ettore Foschini, brought new C.202s and 18 new Macchi C.205s previous stated during! Replaced by an inline engine permitted dive speeds high enough for pilots to encounter the then-unknown phenomenon of.. Explore Will Dougherty 's board `` Macchi fighters - Italy WW2 '' on.. Mezzo '' ( in Italian ). `` flown the test 72 ] during its service life, manufacturing near-permanently! The 5ª Squadra Aerea still had the 6°Gruppo C.T motorcycles and the Folgore and three four...

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