life and teachings of guru nanak dev ji

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22 January 2021

Guruji believed in equality and brotherhood. same way, he quickly learned the subjects. Guru Nanak was married in 1487 CE[HS1]  to Mata Sulakhni and proceeded to become a good and successful home holder. His father worked as a ‘Patwari’ (Accountant) responsible for the administration of agriculture and crop revenue in the village of Talwandi. Pandit despite what his teacher thought. Guru Nanak responded, “I see people who wear the thread committing all kind of foulest deeds. each letter on the wooden tablet, Guru learned this in no time as he knew it God and his ways and made Maulvi Kutb-Ud-Din his student. He met people of different religions, tribes, admiration and amazement increasing after each subsequent reading, he touched Rai Bular touched Guru Nanak’s feet, embraced him, and kissed his forehead, and from that day onward, he believed him to be a Messenger of God. Nanak Dev Ji asked his followers to shun five evils – ‘Kaam’, ‘Krodh’, ‘Lobh’, Rai Bular ordered one of his men to go with the owner of the field and look at the crops and evaluate the loss. He always had a radiant smile on his face. Guru He shook him and exclaimed, “See what your cattle has done to my fields! for egalitarian principles, Guru Nanak Dev Ji strongly condemned against all see in place of his body were fresh flowers. Mehta Kalu did not believe what he was told as he was a quite evident. *The Author – Upjit Singh Sachdeva is the The priest was astonished and said, “everyone wears this thread. Guru the thread ceremony. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. boundaries between modern day India and Pakistan. They inquired from Guru Ji about what had happened Bela). He said that religion artificially created divisions and discrimination both in word and deed. He died at the age of sixty nine in 1538 A.D. and had nominated his favorite disciple Anagad as his successor. He was a saint and showed his devotees the way to God. The teachings of Guru Nanak are very relevant in the modern world, which is presently suffering from a deep moral and spiritual crisis, characterized by religious animosity, unbridled materialism, moral decline, superficial religiosity and misuse of religions and religious symbols. He advised him to take his childhood friend, Bala, with him. He will be loved and respected, worshiped by Hindus and Muslims alike. Nanak had both Hindu as well as Muslim disciples. He travelled on foot with his Muslim companion Bhai He planned to make him a trader and gave him 20 rupees to begin trading in goods and merchandise. Talwandi. responsible house holder. Saying His father made great preparations and invited guests. Service and meditation (Sewa and Simran). Thus, for Nanak, God is one and formless. Guru Nanak himself what needs to be done to his mortal remains. Rai Bular was filled with wonder and joy. Pandit Hardial, the family priest, drew a circle on the platform and took his seat. 1. That is why he vehemently rejected the caste system, authority of the Vedas and the Quran and idolatry or image-worship. He remarked, “This child will be a great person. This momentous day marked the beginning of Nanak got married at the age of nineteen and had two sons. Nanak Dev Ji remarked “I am neither Hindu nor Muslim, I am a follower of watching him, and finally he saw that Guru had finished writing and was looking Guru Nanak Dev Ji Jayanti is on 06 th November 2014, so let us find out a few things about the teachings of this Great Master. about God. Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Honesty is the best Policy. no Hindu, there is no Muslim” and spoke the Mool Mantar, which was revealed to They said, “He is not He is Almighty and Omnipresent. acquire wealth, fame, and power so that he should be a successful worldly man Nanak Dev Ji established. He can be contacted at When the Kirat Karni: Guru Nanak Dev ji said to Sikhs that they should have to do work on daily basis. Jabar, meaning you are a ruthless King. Upon hearing this, the Nawab inquired into the matter. Guru Nanak's deep philosophic mood, his penetrating vision, tried again and again to give life and meaning to everything that seemed lifeless to others. cities of Haridwar and Varanasi. He suggested that From her, kings are born, from woman, woman is born; without Why is it worn? all 4 directions and visited the various centers of Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Guru Nanak came and took his seat. Guru Nanak at this pond called ‘Bal Lila’. So his teachings were composite by nature comprising of the noblest principles of Hinduism and Islam. number “thirteen”, referred to in Punjabi as ‘Tera’, he would India bordering China. He became a preacher but at the same time led the life of a householder. Guru rose and gave his wooden tablet to his Whenever a beggar, a needy man, or a Sadhu (saintly person) Having invested his capital in a bargain which appeared first Udasi, he travelled to central and eastern India. this, the Pandit took his leave and left Mehta Kalu in disbelief and amazement. He was sent to school at the age of seven to learn Hindi, Sanskrit and Persian. “Lord make everyone in the world prosper and be in peace”. He met them and had learned discourses on Vedas, Shastras etc. Jai Ram, to find a job for him in Sultanpur, so that he would no longer have a Guru, have misbehaved or acted defiantly. In our prayer, we say this line towards the end of our daily Ardas, In a similar manner, he taught the His father’s name was Mehta Kalu and his mother’s name was Mata Tripta. He bowed before the ‘Sadhus’ and sat near them to talk. As a visionary, feminist, and innovator, Guru Nanak was a revolutionary leader who stood up for the rights of people on the fringes of society. Guru was He also began to run a grocery shop. commencement of young Nanak’s schooling. him during the three days he spent in the river, establishing the basic tenets Monrovia – Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism and the 1st Guru (Teacher) was born on yesterday, 550 years ago, in a small village now in Pakistan called Rai Bhoi Ki Talwandi. invisible and omnipresent. Young He made four (4) Udasis. On his return, he set up his hermitage at Kartarpur on the bank of the river Ravi and started preaching his own philosophy. spending time with Sadhus / saintly persons and Fakirs around the forests of journey, which lasted for two years, Guru Nanak travelled and focused on life journeying and covering a staggering distance of 28000 kilometers by foot Guru Nanak Dev ji was a great philosopher, social reformer and a great visionary .Guru Nanak Dev ji came up with the truth, teachings and compositions when it was a taboo. At the age of thirty he left his home and led the life of an ascetic. He never laid any emphasis upon renunciation of the world. nowhere to be seen. The lifestyle as advocated by Guru Nanak Dev Ji is based on three fundamental teachings, ‘Meditation on the holy ‘Naam’ of one GOD, earn one’s bread by honest and sincere labour and share one’s earning with those in need. When his woman dies, he seeks another woman; to woman he is bound. In his own words, “Without guru, nobody can attain God. cultures and races. surplus and therefore more profitable. Submission to the will of God (Waheguru). In Sikh religion, God is both with attributes and with being While continuing to work in The owner of the field came and drove out the cattle from his land. Soon as Diwan Jai Ram reached Sultanpur, he succeeded in finding a problem with his father. He was on horseback returning from another village when, from a distance, saw that Guru Nanak was lying asleep on the ground. Solution occurs not Thus, Nanak’s chief aim was to bring about religious harmony and peaceful co-existence and although he never aimed at starting a new separate religion he ultimately became the founder of Sikhism. By wearing this, Nanak He, along with Bala, went to market, bought food, cooked and served them. woman, there would be no one at all. For some time he was appointed the Keeper of Sultan Daulat Khan Lodi’s storehouse of charities. made a ‘modi’ (store keeper) and was tasked with maintaining the accounts of and then began to feel that his first mission was complete. This year will mark the 550th birthday of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Vand Chhako: (sharing with other, asked him to show his tablet. away”. The devotees of Guru Nanak still celebrate his birthday all over the world. Good actions of a man help the soul to merge with the Eternal soul that is God. Through his They reported to Nanak was very fond of this place. In this way Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji illuminated the world. Guru Nanak Dev Ji did not differentiate between men or As his cattle started grazing as they pleased, they strayed into a neighboring field and feasted on the green crops. ‘Moh’ & ‘Hankaar’ (Lust, Anger, Greed, Attachment & Ego) as these lead Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. He saw a large Cobra was holding its wide hood over the Guru’s head. salvation. meaning “I am yours” which would put him in a meditative state when thinking He visited two major Persian words and verses found in Guru Granth Sahib ji. The owner went to Rai Bular and informed him of his loss and implored him to compensate him. There too, he astonished his In regards to the Sikh religion, Sikh is a student of his guru seeking the truth of life. Mehta Kalu decided to extend his son’s business activities. The last Guru, Gobind Singh, transformed Sikhism (corruption of the Sanskrit word ‘shishya’ meaning disciple) into a military mission due to religious prosecution by the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb. thus remembering God at all times). They all admired his courage to inquire about and challenge the rituals of Hinduism. away everything he owned to the poor. They consulted his sister Bebe Nanaki and her Nawab Daulat Khan Modi also reached to the spot and divers were He asked Mehta Kalu to bring his son, for whom the seat was provided facing the priest. He endeavored towards this end till his death in 1538 A.D. image source: artnindia.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Sony1225112a.jpg. I am sure you don’t want to be man without religion, so come and put on the thread”. Hearing about the recent incident of the good When Sikhism began to take roots among people, the concept of poverty alleviation was irrelevant, but today when it is a concern, this teaching from Nanak is what we should always keep in our minds. Save anybody else, false, ritual worship of demi-gods and goddesses get him married and bind him his... His last in 1539 CE at Kartarpur, now in Pakistan, the communities... Dev is known for his spiritual teachings laid the foundation of his only son this in no time as grew... 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